Himalayan Brown Bear Project, Part 1 (2023)


Learn about the ongoing study Wildlife SOS is conducting in Jammu and Kashmir to identify the causes of human/brown bear conflict. Due to increased tourism and other factors, humans are increasingly interacting with these endangered bears. Carefully documenting animal behaviours and the root causes of conflict will help the community better address the issues.

Thank you to the Utah Zoological Society, Zoo Boise, and Akron Zoological Foundation for their support of this important research to protect Himalayan brown bears.

READ MORE ABOUT THE PROJECT: wildlifesos.org/chronological-news/wildlife-sos-conducts-revolutionary-brown-bear-survey-in-kashmir/

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The snow peak mountains, an enigmatic landscape of Kashmir, are more than a sight for sore eyes.

Kashmir is also home to a multitude of elusive species, flora and fauna that thrive emits its picturesque landscape.

The trans Himalayan range in Kashmir is a prime habitat for one of the most ancient bear species.

The Himalayan brown bear due to increasing anthropogenic pressure.

This Prime brown bear habitat is slowly degrading, forced out of their natural habitats.

These bears are venturing into lower altitudes, closer to human settlements.

Competing for space and food is foreign foreign foreign.

It's coming in September, foreign brown bears are almost on the brink of Extinction, determined to preserve and coexist with these Bears Wildlife SOS embarked on the formidable task of studying the brown bear population in the state of Jammu and Kashmir hi I am swaminathan Cena well of biologist.

I love his voice.

Right now we are in the Kashmir.

The place is called swornmark, it is a closer to gargle and we got a permission for the brown bear conflict project and we are collecting data on brown bears in the last four months.

Really so far, we differentiated animals 10 to 13 animals different animals.

We are recorded in the garbage sites.

Apart from that in another garbage sites, we are in amarnath holy cave that also we are collecting data, we are setting camera traps and we got 11 numbers and that Holy came near also love and different animal we got the brown bear.

Project in Sunmark is one of an important uh.

You know projects to understand the different aspects of brown bear ecology.

Although the status of brown bears it, it continues to be endangered uh, but at the same time, more conflicting situations or more interface with the species is taking place, which is you know, which is really very worrisome.

According to the uh preliminary surveys, which was conducted by Wildlife SOS with different stakeholders at Sunmark, it was observed that brown bear sightings or human brown bear interface.

Has you know it has multiplied? And while we compare it with a few years ago, we through this project, we want to understand about various drivers which are responsible for this escalation or for the you know, changing scenario, and this project is also very crucial.

It's very significant, as this is definitely going to pave the way for the further research and uh you know it can help us to come up with the uh suggest two majors to mitigate this human brown bear interface at its initial stage, authorized by the wildlife protection Department.

The survey aims to investigate ecological and human bear conflict in Kashmir, with special reference to Bear habituation to garbage dumps in the central Wildlife division, utilizing field methodologies such as camera, trapping scat analysis and interviews.

The study yielded groundbreaking results.

The research team found pivotal information about brown bears, such as the population density elevation distribution, raising pressure.

Yet one of the most shocking findings of the survey was that the feeding behavior of the brown bear had significantly altered.

Scat analysis revealed that 75 percent of food items consumed by these Bears was scavenged from garbage out of 408 scat analysis.

86 cats were found to have plastic, carry bags.

Milk powders and chocolate cover some scats even had remnants of glass and high calorie foods that can be hazardous to the overall health of a bear.

Reducing its lifespan, 62 percent of camera trap footage had garbage for aging sequences revealing the extent of this quandary.

You are expecting that the bear is going to come from this skull come down from if they go through this uh.

This camera is going to capture the images and from here they will go to this garbage site and they'll start eating.


A large amount of garbage in the area was being generated due to a sudden increase in tourism.

Popular tourist destination sites like stonemark and pilgrimage sites like the amarnath yatra, a holy site for Hindus, who frequently visited by brown, bears lured in by garbage.

Most of the Bears seem to have forgotten their original feeding Behavior having become habituated to the easily accessible feeding grounds created by garbage dumps.

Such behaviors can be extremely dangerous and passed on from mother to cup, leading to a complete loss of a bear's Natural Instincts, to footage having understood the various challenges to coexistence.

The wildlife, SOS team submitted a comprehensive list of recommendations to multiple stakeholders such as the wildlife protection, Department, jnk, tourism, Development, Authority and so on.

Very important study was actually taken by the wildlife SOS, who have been doing a commendable job in coordination with a wildlife protection department jnk.

So they took a very important study to understand.

Uh I mean what exactly are the impacts on the behavior of a brown bear because of the changing Landscapes.

So this study has recommended few important, important things which I feel are worth a noting and worth acting upon.

For example, one of them is actually the mismanagement of the trashes or the solid face management.

Precise techniques are lacking on the ground, or probably we may say that implementation is not up to the mark, so that is actually getting Brown beer closer and closer to the human habitation areas and obviously becoming a key reason for the conflict and the.

Secondly, there is one import, one more important, since you know the interior of this entry remains always a key habitat of ground beer.

So actually football every year keeps up increasing.

That means within the Taj Violet Sanctuary.

We need to actually regulate the footfall in order to ensure that the habitat of the brown bear actually remains intact in the form where it does not become frequently the part of human Wildlife conflicts.

The wine FSA has done a good job in identifying the magnitude of the problem, while they have also set up camera traps in the selected grids in their study program and also they have come up with a set of recommendations for all the stakeholding Departments.

While identifies identifying these stakeholding departments and communities, then they have tried to give a set of recommendations for each uh, because, ultimately, these set of recommendations are the advisories for this stakeholdering departments which they need to adhere to, and otherwise this will be an emerging challenge for us to uh, to address to the problem of brown bear conflict in the area, and this needs to be taken.

Serious I congratulate the team of wildlife SOS who have put in their sweat and hard effort.

These recommendations included tactics like fencing, garbage sites, locating them strategically, and even radio coloring of the brown bears to understand these elusive creatures.


The wildlife SOS brown bear survey has the power to bring about a revolution in the field of conservation and create a world centered around coexisting with brown bears laughs, foreign foreign.


What are some lines about brown bear? ›

The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a large bear species found across Eurasia and North America. In North America, the populations of brown bears are called grizzly bears, while the subspecies that inhabits the Kodiak Islands of Alaska is known as the Kodiak bear.

What is a paragraph about brown bear in Himachal Pradesh? ›

The Himalayan brown bear is poached for fur and claws for ornamental purposes and internal organs for use in medicines. It is killed by shepherds to protect their livestock. In Himachal Pradesh, their home is the Kugti and Tundah wildlife sanctuaries and the tribal Chamba region.

Is Himalayan brown bear vulnerable? ›

Although the brown bear species as a whole is listed as “Least Concerned” by the IUCN Red List, the Himalayan subspecies is highly endangered and populations are dwindling.

How many Himalayan brown bears are left in India? ›

Restricted Distribution and Declining Population:

Habitat destruction caused by factors like habitat encroachment, tourism, and grazing pressure has contributed to the declining population of bears. With only an estimated 500-750 bears left in India, urgent conservation efforts are required to ensure their survival.

What are the 2 bears quotes? ›

Quotes. Danielle Moonstar : There's a Native American proverb that says: Inside every person there are two bears, forever locked in combat for your soul. One bear is all things good: compassion, love, trust. The other is all things evil: fear, shame and self-destruction.

What are 3 facts about bears? ›

5 Cool Facts About Bears
  • Layers on layers: Bears have thick, layered coats.
  • Bears are big, strong, and fast!
  • There are eight bear species in the world.
  • One small step: Bears can walk on their hind legs.
  • Bears have a high IQ.
  • Bonus Fact: Bears need your help.
Apr 28, 2022

What are 3 interesting facts about brown bears? ›

Brown bears may reach seven feet tall. Male bears may weigh up to 700 pounds. • Female bears may weigh up to 350 pounds. Brown bears eat mostly grass, roots, and berries. Brown bears may eat fish, insects, and ground squirrels, or larger mammals if they can catch them.

What is brown bear brown bear summary? ›

Summary. The plot consists of the narrator asking various animals and people what they see. Their response is an observation of another animal or person, which again prompts the initial question, “What Do You See?” This process creates a rhythmic pattern that is consistent throughout the book.

What color bear is the most aggressive? ›

The average brown bear encounter is more dangerous—3.5 times more likely to result in injury—than the average polar bear encounter, and 21 times more dangerous than the average black bear encounter, according to Smith and colleague Stephen Herrero, professor emeritus at the University of Calgary in Canada.

What color bear is more aggressive? ›

The grizzly bear is typically larger than the black bear and has a large muscle mass above its shoulders; a concave, rather than straight or convex, facial profile; and its behavior is much more aggressive.

What is the friendliest wild bear? ›

Black bears, for instance, are usually less aggressive and more tolerant of people. They often live near human settlements, whereas grizzly bears prefer to stay away from human settlements and are often extirpated from heavily used or populated areas.

What is a bear called in India? ›

The sloth bear (Melursus ursinus), also known as the Indian bear, is a myrmecophagous bear species native to the Indian subcontinent. It feeds on fruits, ants and termites. It is listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, mainly because of habitat loss and degradation.

What country has the largest brown bears? ›

Kodiak bears (Ursus arctos middendorffi) live on Kodiak Island or one of the nearby islands off the coast of southwestern Alaska. These bears can be nearly as large as polar bears (Ursus maritimus) and include the largest brown bears (Ursus arctos) on record.

What kind of bears are in Pakistan? ›

Family Ursidae is represented in the fauna of Pakistan by 3 subspecies, viz., Baluchistan black bear (Ursus thibetanus gedrosianus), Himalayan black bear (U. t. laniger) and Himalayan brown bear (U.

What do Native Americans say about bears? ›

Most Native American tribes revere the bear. Like the turtle, each tribe's cultural view of the bear varies; however, at the core, the bear represents authority, good medicine, courage, and strength. The bear is said to be a healer and protector.

What is the bear motto? ›

In 1947, his slogan became the familiar “Only YOU Can Prevent Forest Fires!” Then in the spring of 1950, in the Capitan Mountains of New Mexico, a young bear cub found himself caught in a burning forest.

What is the moral of the bear story? ›

The moral of the story is: “Keep your calm even in times of trouble”. The friend who panicked forgot all about his other friend who could not climb a tree. But the friend who remained composed was able to find a simple way of saving himself from the bear.

What is bear IQ? ›

Bear IQ is a no-code event analytics platform. Our customers utilize the data they are already collecting to grow their audience, increase revenue, and market more effectively. Learn How. Trusted by the world's leading events.

What is a bears biggest weakness? ›

Bears' biggest weakness is defensive line, per Sports Illustrated – NBC Sports Chicago.

Do black bears like honey? ›

Bears do love honey and are attracted to beehives. But unlike in Winnie the Pooh, the bears eat more than just honey. They will also consume the bees and larvae inside the beehive, which are a good source of protein. Both brown and black bears will raid beehives.

What is the biggest threat to brown bears? ›

Formerly hunted for its hides, meat, and as a big game trophy, the brown bear's most severe threats are currently habitat destruction and persecution.

What are 2 facts about bears? ›

Amazing Facts About the Bear
  • Bears are extraordinarily intelligent animals. ...
  • Bears grieve deeply for others. ...
  • Bears have excellent senses of smell, sight and hearing. ...
  • Some species of Asiatic bear build nests in the trees. ...
  • Bears care deeply about family members.

How old is the oldest brown bear? ›

Brownie is still the oldest Grizzly bear of all time. Brownie was aged at least 56 years when he passed away. What a fantastic lifespan for a grizzly bear! A grizzly bear's average lifespan is usually 20 to 25 years in the wild.

What makes brown bears unique? ›

Brown bears (Ursus arctos) can be distinguished from American black and polar bears by their distinct shoulder hump, dish-shaped face, and long claws. They can vary in color from black to blonde. Brown bears, also known as grizzly bears, can be found in many of our national parks.

What is a unique feature of a brown bear? ›

The brown bear has a slight hump above its shoulder, round ears, a long snout and big paws with long, curved claws that it uses for digging. Unlike the black bear, it can't climb trees. It can weigh between 350-1,500 pounds. When standing on its hind legs it can be up to 5 feet tall.

What are 3 facts about bears for kids? ›

Black bears are the largest land mammal in New Jersey. Adult female bears, called sows, weigh about 175 pounds. Adult male bears, called boars, weigh around 400 pounds. Black bears are about 3 feet high when standing on all four feet and 5 feet to 7 feet tall when standing upright.

What is the main idea in brown bear brown bear? ›

Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See? is about a series of events |. The genre of the story is Cartoon/comic, the setting is Contemporary. The theme of the story is Once you learn something, you should review it.

What does brown bear brown bear teach children? ›

Phonological awareness – The rhythmic story helps children hear that language consists of different sounds and rhythms. The repeated phrases strengthen phonological awareness; encourage “talkers” to say “Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?” with you as you read the story aloud.

What do children learn from brown bear brown bear? ›

As well as tuning into a repetitive rhythm, being able to recite this story themselves helps children to develop their auditory memory skills, a key part of early literacy. While we are on the topic of early literacy, 'Brown Bear, Brown Bear' also allows for increased comprehension skills.

What is the easiest bear to fight? ›

Grizzly bears are by far the more aggressive bear; black bears are actually known for being one of the more tolerant bear species and will almost always back away from the prospect of a fight. How do you avoid bear attacks/encounters in the first place?

Which bear would win in a fight? ›

If the two were hitting each other with their claws, it's likely the brown bear would have the advantage as their claws are more adapted to swiping. If a battle between grizzlies and polar bears turned into a wrestling match, the advantage could swing to polar bears.

What time of day are bears most active? ›

Bears are most active during early morning and late evening hours in spring and summer. Mating usually takes place in July. Both female and male bears may have more than one mate during the summer. Bears choose a denning site with the coming of cold weather.

What is the meanest most aggressive bear? ›

Grizzly and polar bears are the most dangerous, but Eurasian brown bears and American black bears have also been known to attack humans. Some species depredate livestock on occasion, and some bears, such as Asiatic and American black bears, may destroy fruit or other crops, especially corn.

Which bears to yell at? ›

Black bear attacks are rare, but that doesn't mean you should take them any less seriously. Step 1: Get big and be loud. Black bears would rather flee than fight. If you make yourself appear as a threat by waving your arms, shouting, and making yourself big, you should scare black bears away.

Is A bear more aggressive than a gorilla? ›

Comparing Silverback Gorillas and Grizzly Bears

In general, Silverbacks are considered peaceful creatures. They do not attack humans except in very rare circumstances. However, they will defend themselves and their families. Grizzlies, on the other hand, can be quite aggressive.

What is the most playful bear? ›

Moon bears desperately need our help. They are the most playful, but also the most exploited bear on Earth and none of their suffering is necessary.

What animal likes humans the most? ›

Summary of the 10 Most Friendly Wild Animals in the World
1CapybarasFriendliest Wild Animal
2DogFriendliest Pet
3House CatFriendliest Feline
4DolphinFriendliest Ocean Dweller
6 more rows
Apr 22, 2023

What is the kindest animal? ›

Dogs are among the friendliest and most loyal animals in the world. They have such innocent faces that can melt anyone's heart. Dogs are good at understanding our emotions and sentiments due for this reason they are referred to as human best friends.

What's a female bear called? ›

Adult female bears, called sows, weigh about 175 pounds. Adult male bears, called boars, weigh around 400 pounds. Black bears are about 3 feet high when standing on all four feet and 5 to 7 feet tall when standing upright. HABITAT. SENSES.

What is the slowest bear? ›

sloth bear, (Melursus ursinus), also called honey bear, Hindi bhalu, forest-dwelling bear (family Ursidae) that inhabits tropical or subtropical regions of India and Sri Lanka. Named for its slow-moving habits, the sloth bear has poor senses of sight and hearing but a good sense of smell.

What is the name of China bear? ›

The panda, with its distinctive black and white coat, is adored by the world and considered a national treasure in China. This bear also has a special significance for WWF because it has been our logo since our founding in 1961.

Which state has the most bears? ›

Alaska: 100,000

With 100,000 black bears, Alaska has one of the largest black bear populations in the country. According to the Alaska Department of Fish and Wildlife, black bears are the most abundant and widely distributed of the three North American bear species living in the state.

What is the largest bear ever killed? ›

The world's record Alaska brown bear (Ursos arctos middendorffi) scored 30 12/16 and was taken near Kodiak's Karluk Lake in late May 1952. The immense bear was shot by Roy R. Lindsley, who was a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service employee based in Kodiak.

What state has the most brown bears? ›

With its rugged forests and unspoiled tracts of land, it's natural that Alaska would be home to many grizzlies. The state has an estimated 30,000 grizzlies. It is home to 98% of the U.S. population of brown bears and 70% of the entire North American population.

What bears are in Afghanistan? ›

Asiatic Black Bear (found in Afghanistan): Asiatic black bears, Ursus thibetanus, occur within a variety of forest habitats throughout Asia including broad-leaf and coniferous forest types at elevations ranging from sea level to about 4,300m.

What bear is native to Korea? ›

Species of bears living in Korea include the Asiatic Black Bear and the Manchurian Brown Bear. The Manchurian Brown Bear is known to live only in North Korea.

What country has the most bears? ›

In Alaska, grizzlies feed on salmon during the summer. The total global population of brown bears is estimated to be above 200,000, Russia has the largest number of brown bears, believed to be over 100,000.

What are 4 facts about brown bears? ›

Brown bears may reach seven feet tall. Male bears may weigh up to 700 pounds. • Female bears may weigh up to 350 pounds. Brown bears eat mostly grass, roots, and berries. Brown bears may eat fish, insects, and ground squirrels, or larger mammals if they can catch them.

What can I write about bear? ›

  • The bear belongs to the family Ursidae.
  • Bears are carnivores but they also feed on leaves and fruits.
  • Bears include sloth bears, giant pandas, polar bears, Asian black bears, and American black bears.
  • They can climb with ease and can swim.
  • They undergo hibernation or deep sleep during winter.

What are some bear sayings? ›

Fifteen Bear Idioms to Celebrate Katmai National Park's Fat Bear Week 2022
  • Busy as a hibernating bear (to hibernate = this is how bears spend their winters. They hibernate). ...
  • A bear market. ...
  • To grin and bear it. ...
  • Bear the brunt. ...
  • To bear (or hold) a grudge. ...
  • Hungry as a bear. ...
  • To grab the bear by the tail. ...
  • To bear in mind.
Oct 6, 2022

How long do brown bears live? ›

LIFE CYCLE: Brown bears generally live 20–25 years, but they occasionally may live to be older than 35 years of age. FEEDING: Diet varies with the season.

What is a fun fact about a brown bear for kids? ›

  • size. 6 to 9.5 feet. length of adult bear. The average bed is 6.25 feet long. Brown bears measure 3 to 4 feet tall at the shoulder. ...
  • fish, berries, roots, mammals, insects. Omnivore.
  • forest. semi-desert, more. Brown bears also live in open fields, mountain highlands, and tundra. They dig dens into hillsides.

What is the summary of the bear story? ›

Summary of The Bear Story

In this story, a lady lived in the manor-house in the dense forest. Furthermore, this lady had a friendly bear as a pet. The lady had the habit of visiting her sister every Sunday and she left the bear on the chain. With the passing of time, the bear grew and became physically strong.

What are bear weaknesses? ›

The stocky, insulated body makes them overheat during chases and gives them poor turning ability. They cannot match the agility of specialized predators or potential prey.

How do bears say hello? ›

Bears of similar social rank share elaborate greetings of rubbing and sniffing. Males and females use these same social signals during the mating season.

What is the bears slogan? ›

"Bear down, Chicago Bears! Make every play clear the way to victory. Bear down, Chicago Bears!

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